What Does This Vaccine Help Prevent?
This vaccine helps prevent:
- Diphtheria—which causes a sore throat associated with a thick covering in the back of the throat
- Tetanus—which causes painful muscle tightening all over the body (also known as lockjaw)
- Pertussis—which causes bad coughing spells that make it difficult for infants to eat, drink, and breathe; also known as whooping cough
What Is the DTaP Vaccine?
The DTaP vaccine is composed of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids that can create an antitoxin, and small pieces of killed (acellular) pertussis bacteria.
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
The DTaP vaccine is generally required before starting school. The regular immunization schedule is to give the vaccine at:
- 2 months
- 4 months
- 6 months
- 15-18 months
- 4-6 years
If you or your child have not been fully vaccinated for diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, talk to the doctor.
What Are the Risks Associated With the Tetanus Vaccine?
Most people tolerate the tetanus-containing vaccines without any trouble. The most common side effects are pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site, mild fever, tiredness, nausea, or vomiting. Rarely, a fever of more than 105 degrees Fahrenheit (40.6 degrees Celsius) and seizures may occur.
Acetaminophen is sometimes given to reduce pain and fever that may occur after getting a vaccine. In infants, the medication may weaken the vaccine's effectiveness. However, in children at risk for seizures, a fever-lowering medication may be important to take. Discuss the risks and benefits of taking acetaminophen with the doctor.
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
The vast majority of people should receive their tetanus-containing vaccinations on schedule. However, individuals in whom the risks of vaccination outweigh the benefits include those who:
- Have had a life-threatening allergic reaction after a dose of DTaP
- Have had a brain or nervous system disease within 7 days after a dose of DTaP
Talk with your doctor before getting the vaccine if you have:
- Epilepsy or other nervous system problems
- Severe swelling or severe pain after a previous dose of any component of the vaccination to be given
- Guillain-Barre syndrome
- Moderate or severe illness—wait until you recover to get the vaccine
What Other Ways Can Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
The best way to prevent diphtheria is to get vaccinated.
Caring properly for wounds, including promptly cleaning them and seeing a doctor for medical care, can prevent a tetanus infection
You can help prevent pertussis by keeping infants and other people at high risk away from infected people
- Reviewer: Fabienne Daguilh, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/03/2013 -