Psychological Therapies

There are different types of psychological therapies that are available to treat fibromyalgia. Examples include:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)—This is a form of talk therapy that focuses on your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
  • Relaxation-based therapy—This includes learning strategies, like meditation, to reduce stress.
  • Biofeedback—During a biofeedback session, a therapist guides you to relax certain muscles or control breathing, while an electronic device shows your body’s response.

Alternative Therapies

Other therapies that may help to alleviate fibromyalgia pain and symptoms include:

  • Physical therapy
  • Heat treatments
  • Massage
  • Acupuncture and acupressure
  • Trigger point therapy
  • Myofascial release (a special type of therapy that involves manipulating connective tissue with pressure)
  • Mind-body therapies such as yoga, Tai chi, relaxation therapy, or meditation

See alternative and complementary therapies for more information about acupuncture and fibromyalgia.

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