Health Information

Treatments for Type 2 Diabetes

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The goal of diabetes treatment is to maintain blood glucose (sugar) levels and HbA1c levels within a healthy range. By doing so, you will feel better on a daily basis and will help prevent or delay the complications associated with diabetes. Talk to your doctor about what a healthy blood glucose range is for you.

The four main components of treatment are:

  • Lifestyle changes (diet and exercise)
  • Blood glucose monitoring
  • Medicine (eg, oral anti-diabetes medicine, insulin injections)

For detailed information on treatment, click on the following:

Lifestyle changesMedicationsAlternative and complementary therapiesOther treatments

Revision Information

  • Diabetes overview. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/overview/index.aspx . Updated April 4, 2012. Accessed August 7, 2012.

  • Type 2. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-2/?loc=DropDownDB-type2 . Accessed August 7, 2012.