- High fever
- Exposure to the heat and sun
- Excessive exercise, including athletic competitions
- Living in a nursing home or long-term care facility
- Medications, including diuretics and laxatives
- Reduced fluid intake due to certain conditions, such as movement problems, mental health or memory problems, decreased ability to perceive thirst
- Fluid imbalance caused by certain conditions, such as diabetes, kidney disease, burns, and infection
- Dry mouth
- Limited tear production
- Decreased urination
- Concentrated urine—darker color, stronger odor
- Wrinkled skin or dry skin
- Parched, cracked lips
- Rapid heartbeat
- Fast breathing
- Weight loss
- In infants, sunken soft spot in the skull
|Soft Spot in Infant Skull|
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- Urine tests
- Blood tests
- Drink small amounts of oral rehydration solution throughout the day. Continue to drink the oral rehydration solution.
- Adults may need plain water or salty liquids like broth. Avoid beverages with alcohol and caffeine, carbonated soft drinks, fruit juices, and gelatin.
- Increase the amount of liquid as you can tolerate it.
- Anti-nausea and vomiting medications
- Antidiarrheal medication for severe diarrhea or abdominal cramping
- Antibiotics for severe diarrhea caused by a certain bacterial infections
- Drink plenty of fluids, even if you are busy or sick.
- Drink fluids regularly while exercising or when outdoors on a hot day. Stop frequently for fluid breaks.
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Dehydration and hypovolemia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 5, 2015. Accessed January 8, 2015.
Dehydration and hypovolemia in infants and children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 5, 2015. Accessed January 8, 2015.
Rehydration therapy in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 5, 2015. Accessed January 8, 2015.
- Reviewer: Peter Lucas, MD
- Review Date: 01/2015 -
- Update Date: 12/12/2013 -