Robot-Assisted Surgery -- Overview
Reasons for Procedure
- Require precision
- Do not require open access, especially laparoscopic procedures
- Less scarring
- Reduced recovery times
- Less risk of infection
- Less blood loss
- Reduced trauma to the body
- Shorter hospital stay
- Faster recovery
- Adrenalectomy —removal of adrenal gland
- Cholecystectomy —removal of the gallbladder
- Bariatric —procedure to treat obesity and reduce the size of the stomach
- Heller myotomy—procedure on the lower esophageal sphincter
- Nissen fundoplication —treatment for severe heartburn
- Colectomy —removal of the colon
- Appendectomy —removal of the appendix
- Hernia repair
- Esophagectomy —removal of the esophagus
- Thymectomy —removal of the thymus gland
- Mediastinal tumor resection —removal of tumors in the chest cavity
- Lobectomy —surgical removal of a lung
- Damage to nearby organs or structures
- Anesthesia-related problems
- The need to switch to traditional surgical methods such as traditional laparoscopic or open surgery
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Talk to your doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure.
- Take antibiotics if instructed.
- Follow a special diet if instructed.
- Shower the night before using antibacterial soap if instructed.
- Arrange for someone to drive you home from the hospital. Also, have someone to help you at home.
- Eat a light meal the night before. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
- General anesthesia—blocks pain and keeps you asleep through the surgery
- Local anesthesia with sedation—just the area that is being operated on is numbed, given as an injection
Description of the Procedure
|Keyhole incisions are placed in preparation for a robot-assisted surgical procedure.|
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How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Be encouraged to walk with assistance soon after surgery.
- Receive guidelines on what you should eat and what activities you can do. Depending on your procedure, you should be able to go back to your normal activities in a few weeks.
- Participate in any physical therapy or rehabilitation.
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from an incision site
- Cough , shortness of breath, chest pain, or severe nausea or vomiting
- Pain, burning, urgency, frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine
- Pain and/or swelling in your feet, calves, or legs, or sudden shortness of breath or chest pain
- Constipation or diarrhea
- New or worsening symptoms
American College of Surgeons http://www.facs.org
US Food and Drug Administration http://www.fda.gov
Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health http://www.cadth.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
The da Vinci surgical system. University of Southern California, Cardiothoracic Surgery website. Available at: http://www.cts.usc.edu/rsi-davincisystem.html. Accessed July 25, 2013.
Robotic surgery. Brown University website. Available at: http://biomed.brown.edu/Courses/BI108/BI108%5F2005%5FGroups/04. Accessed July 25, 2013.
What is robotic surgery? The Robotic Surgery Center at NYU Langone Medical Center website. Available at: http://robotic-surgery.med.nyu.edu/for-patients/what-robotic-surgery. Accessed July 25, 2013.
6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, et al. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/29/2014 -